Membrane composition and successful bioaugmentation. Studies of the interactions of model thylakoid and plasma cyanobacterial and bacterial membranes with fungal membrane-lytic enzyme Lecitase ultra rights and content


Lecitase ultra degraded thylakoid glycolipids.

Membranes enriched in anionic lipids were more susceptible to the enzymatic degradation.

Saturation of the acyl chains affects significantly the model membranes’ resistance to enzymatic degradation

Enrichment in saturated lipids increases the membrane resistance.


Cyanobacterial/bacterial consortia are frequently inoculated to soils to increase the soil fertility and to accelerate the biodegradation of organic pollutants. Moreover, such consortia can also be successfully applied in landfills especially for the biodegradation of plastic wastes. However, the bioaugmentation techniques turn out frequently inefficient due to the competition of the indigenous microorganisms attacking directly these inoculated or secreting to their surroundings cell wall and membrane-lytic enzymes. It can be hypothesized that the resistance of the microbial membrane to the enzymatic degradation is correlated with its lipid composition. To verify this hypothesis glycolipid and phospholipid Langmuir monolayers were applied as models of thylakoid and plasma cyanobacterial and bacterial membranes. Hybrid fungal enzyme Lecitase ultra joining the activity of lipase and phospholipase A1 was applied as the model of fungal membrane-lytic enzyme. It turned out that anionic thylakoid lipids sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol and phosphatidylglycerols were the main targets of Lecitase ultra in the model multicomponent thylakoid membranes. The resistance of the model plasma bacterial membranes to enzymatic degradation depended significantly to their composition. The resistance increased generally when the unsaturated lipids were exchanged to their saturated counterparts. However, most resistant turned out the membranes composed of unsaturated phosphatidylamine and saturated anionic phospholipids.


Langmuir monolayers
Model cyanobacterial and bacterial membranes
Fungal membrane-lytic enzymes
Brewster angle microscopy
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